Relationship Between Knowledge of Mdr-Tb and The Role of Dots Supervisor with Medication Adherence of Tb Patients in Oebobo Local Government Clinic of Kupang City

  • Agustina Wilhelmina Djuma Departement of Medical Laboratory Technic in Health Polytechnic of Kupang
  • Karol Octrisdey Departement of Medical Laboratory Technic in Health Polytechnic of Kupang
  • Herzens Alexander Titing Departement of Medical Laboratory Technic in Health Polytechnic of Kupang
Keywords: Knowledge, MDR-TB, Treatment Compliance

Abstract

Background. Tuberculosis is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. According to WHO data, there are 8.6 million cases of tuberculosis in the world in 2012. The diagnosis of the prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis in Indonesia is 0.4% and in East Nusa Tenggara Province is 0.3%. Long treatment period and the use of many drugs during the healing stage can cause treatment breaking. The number of failure cases can cause medication resistance for tuberculosis the one of which is MDR-TB. This study aim is to know the relationship between knowledge of MDR-TB and the role of DOTS Supervisor with medication adherence of tuberculosis patients. Methods. This study is an observational analytic with cross-sectional design toward 15 respondents who are undergoing treatment in Oebobo Local Government Clinic Of Kupang City. This study uses total sampling. Independent variable in this study is knowledge of MDR-TB and the role of DOTS Supervisor while the dependent variable is the medication adherence of tuberculosis patients in Oebobo Local Government Clinic Of Kupang City. To know the relationship between knowledge of MDR-TB with medication adherence of tuberculosis patients using Fisher's Exact Test. Result. The results show that 8 of 15 respondents had good knowledge, and 11 of 15 respondents have medication adherence. The adherence respondents' of there is supported by the role of Supervisor DOTS, where the results show that there is a significant relationship between the role of Supervisor DOTS with medication adherence (p <0.05). Fisher's Exact Test results show no significant relationship between knowledge about MDR-TB with medication adherence (p> 0.05). Conclusion. Characteristics of TB patient: 7 respondents aged more than 40 years old, 9 male respondents, 5 respondents with high education, and 9 respondents are in the phase of advanced TB medication. Level of knowledge about Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB), 8 respondents have good knowledge, while 7 respondents have less knowledge. Medication adherence of tuberculosis patients, 11 respondents are adhered, while 4 respondents have less medication adherence. There is no significant relationship between knowledge of Multi-Drug Resistant Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) with medication adherence of tuberculosis patients in Oebobo Local Government Clinic Of Kupang City, with the results of p-value 0.338> 0.05. There is a significant relationship between the role of DOTS Supervisor with medication adherence of tuberculosis patients in Oebobo Local Government Clinic Of Kupang City, with the results of p-value 0.001> 0.05.

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Published
2018-12-31
How to Cite
Djuma, A., Octrisdey, K., & Titing, H. (2018). Relationship Between Knowledge of Mdr-Tb and The Role of Dots Supervisor with Medication Adherence of Tb Patients in Oebobo Local Government Clinic of Kupang City. Proceeding 1st. International Conference Health Polytechnic of Kupang, 463-471. Retrieved from https://proceeding.poltekeskupang.ac.id/index.php/ichpk/article/view/46