Breakfast Habits and it’s Relation To Nutritional Status And Anemia Among Elementary School Children
This research aimed at analyzing the correlation between breakfast habits and nutritional status and Anemia among elementary school children. Seven hundred and ninety-eight elementary school children (ESC) were included in this cross-sectional study and was done in March until May 2017. The subjects were the fourth, fifth and sixth graders of public schools (SD Bertingkat Kelapa Lima 1, SD Inpres Bakunase) and private schools (SD Asumpta, SD GMIT Naioni, SDI Maulafa dan SDK Don Bosco 3). Breakfast habits data were collected by filling questionnaire; nutritional status was estimated by BMI/Age, Height/Age. Body weight and height of subjects were measured directly, and anemia status was estimated by the hemoglobin test. The frequency of breakfast is determined based on having breakfast regularly and no breakfast and the sample usually consume breakfast before 7 am. The contribution of big size family, gender and age in students were higher with regular breakfast. Blood hemoglobin levels of samples from those of regular breakfast were higher significantly (p <0.05) than those who have not to breakfast. There was a significant positive relationship (p <0.05) between blood hemoglobin levels and breakfast status. There was no significant relationship (p> 0.05) between the status of breakfast with nutritional status according to BMI/Age and Height/Age. However, there was a significant positive relationship (p <0.05) between the family size and age with nutritional status according to H/A and family big size with nutritional status according to BMI/Age. Samples with good breakfast habits tend to have good hemoglobin levels.