Anemia And Protein Consumption Pattern Of Elementary School Children In Kupang
Anemia is a public health problem in Indonesia, the most common cause of anemia is a deficiency of iron. This study attempt to analyzed the relationship between consumption pattern and anemia among school children in six elementary schools of Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara. The design of this study was cross-sectional. A total of 732 children between the ages of 9 - 13 years were used as the sample. The primary data comprised of hemoglobin levels, food consumption was collected using Food Frequency Questioner (FFQ). Chi-square and t-test were used to asses the relationship of anemia to consumption pattern. The prevalence of anemia was 39,1 having hemoglobin levels lower than 11g/dl. The percentage of anemic children among males and females was 13,8 and 25,3 respectively and statistical analysis showed that female children were more susceptible to anemia. Consumption of all the food intake by the majority of children was comparatively less than the recommended dietary allowances. It is concluded that iron deficiency anemia may be to lower intake of protein consumption. There is a significant relation (p<0,05) between protein consumption and anemia.