Behavior of Anopheles sp Mosquitoes in Lifuleo Village in 2017
Malaria is a disease caused by an infection of Protozoa from Plasmodium Genus that is transmitted by female mosquito of Anopheles sp (Ministry of Health, 2010). East Nusa Tenggara province is one of the high endemic areas of malaria. Lifuleo Village is an area with the highest incidence of malaria in West Kupang District. The stratification of malaria in Lifuleo Village from 2011-2013 is classified as high endemic malaria area (High Case Insidence) where API (Annual Parasite Incident) is 7,14-28,28 ‰, (>5‰). The efforts to prevent and control of malaria require a picture of the dynamics of spreading associated with Anopheles sp mosquito as malaria vector. The general purpose of this research is to know the behavior of Anopheles sp mosquito as malaria vector. The research design used was descriptive research by conducting adult mosquito survey with human landing collection method and resting collection. Data were analyzed by calculating the density number (MHD/Man Hour Density). The results showed that there were two types of Anopheles sp mosquitoes captured ie Anopheles i and Anopheles subpictus. The mosquitoes were captured with more people's bait method outside the house at 03.00-04.00 with the density of 2.52 compared to the house that is 2, with peak density 21.00-22.00 hours. The mosquitoes were captured by break method more outdoors than in house with peak density at 02.00-03.00 ie 0.17. Based on the number of density obtained, it can be concluded that Anopheles sp mosquitos in Lifuleo Village are exophagic and exophthalic. Therefore, the public is expected not to have activities outside the house at night and have to wear long sleeve clothes or apply the anti-mosquito lotion if they have to go out at night.