Analysis of Housing Environmental Factors with Arrival Disease Events in Communities in Kelurahan Oenesu District Kupang in 2018
Acute Respiratory (ISPA) is a disease infection that affects toddlers, children, and adults who occur in the airways and most are viral infections. The purpose of this study to determine the relationship between the home environment (House Floor, temperature, humidity, ventilation, lighting and Density Residential) with the incidence of respiratory diseases in the community in the village Oenesu District of KupangKupang district west in 2018. The study was analytical survey with a cross sectional study design. Research variables are floor, temperature, humidity, ventilation, lighting and occupancy density. The population in this study all the houses in the Oenesu Sub-District of Kupang Regency were as many as 233 houses and the number of samples taken based on the sample size was 70 houses with random sampling techniques. The results showed that 24.3% of permanent houses, 41.4 semi-permanent and 34.3% of emergency homes. Variable 42.9% of the house environment conditions did not meet the requirements, room temperature 80% did not meet the requirements, 34% humidity did not meet the requirements, Ventilation 25.7% did not meet the requirements, lighting 32.9% did not meet the requirements and occupancy density 65, 7%. not fulfilling the requirements. The results of the statistical analysis showed that 5 of the 6 variables, namely floor area, temperature, humidity, ventilation and occupancy density had a significant relationship with the incidence of ARI in the community in KupangOenesu District (p value <0.05). It is expected that the community will regulate the air flow in the house, open ventilation every morning, avoid exposure to kitchen fumes and to the local government and the health center to provide environmental health counselling.