Reducing the Volume of Domestic Rubbish to Mitigate the Source of Diseases in the Community at Baumata Housing
Background: the increasing of rubbish’s volume occasionally leads to health issues. Unprocessed waste has impacts on environmental pollution and affecting public health condition. Research Objectives: to measure household waste collection and reduce the rubbish volume by making compost in housing. Method: the type of research is action research and it is conducted by measuring the organic waste by composting. 25 houses have been chosen by random sampling by considering the type of works as housewives. Data collection method is by measuring the waste using an instrument namely box measurement. Data is analyzed in a descriptive way and then the result of measurement and the average of a rubbish dump. Results: a house resulted the average of rubbish dump every single day is 363 liter. Household rubbish volume reduction reached 52 liter per day. In total, the reduction of rubbish volume in Baumata housing was 14.782 liter per day. Rubbish bins were unavailable and the people throw the rubbish around the houses. It leads to esthetic and impacts on public health as well. Additionally, it creates breeding house for vector and raise health issues. The data diseases in Baumata Health Centre mostly showed diarrhea and respiratory infection and these categorized as the top ten diseases. Conclusion: rubbish dump both from the house holds organic rubbish and non-organic is totally 363 liter per day.