Analysis Of Risk Factors For Events Complications Cardiovascularpatients Diabetes Mellitus (Dm) Type 2 In Sikumana Community Health Center Kupang City

Case Control Study

  • Irfan Irfan Health Polytechnic of Kupang
  • Israfil Israfil Health Polytechnic of Kupang
  • Norma Tiku Kambuno Health Polytechnic of Kupang
Keywords: Type 2 DM, Complications, Risk Factors forComplications

Abstract

Background. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease that if not treated properly will lead to complications in the form of damage to body organs, especially the heart (cardio) and vascular (blood vessel). The aim. The aim of this research is to analysis risk factors (age, sex, blood pressure, drug consumption, health checks, and diet) on the incidence of cardiovascular complications in patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in community health centers Sikumana Kupang.  The research design is non-experimental analytic with case control design. The number of samples was 74 patients with type 2 DM divided into 37 cases and 37 control samples. The results of the research data were analyzed using logistic regression statistical tests with a significant value of α <0.05 and OR> 1. Results. The results showed that 51.4% of the case group respondents had vascular to brain complications or non haemoragic stroke (SNH), 37.8% had cardiac vascular complications or coronary artery deseases (CAD), and there were 8.1% case group respondents experienced vascular complications in the brain and heart (SNH + CAD). Risk factors for complications; age (α = 0.32, OR = 0.19), gender (α = 0.14, OR = 13.2), blood pressure (α = 0.034, OR = 0.02), drug consumption (α = 0.34, OR = 43.9), health control (α0.43, OR = 0.53), diet (α = 0.009, OR = 3.29).  Conclusion. The results of the analysis can be concluded that there is no significant influence between age, sex, drug consumption, and health check on the incidence of cardio vascular complications in DM patients at the Sikumana community health center in Kupang City. There is a significant influence between blood pressure and DM diet on the incidence of cardio vascular complications in DM patients at Sikumana Public Health Center, Kota Kupang with the influence of 3.29 times greater diet on the incidence of cardio vascular complications in type 2 DM patients at Sikumana Community Health Center, Kupang City. Suggestions for health workers to continue to promote promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitation efforts in an effort to overcome and prevent cardiovascular complications in patients with diabetes mellitus.

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