The Relationship Between the Nurse’s Knowledge and Attitude with Their Skills in Preventing Hypothermia Among the Low Birth Weight Babies at the NICU of RSUD Prof. W. Z. Johannes Kupang
Low Birth Weight babies and neonatal mortality are indicators of the people’s health level. The babies with low birth weight are at risk of suffering from hypothermia. Therefore, nurses are required to have the proper knowledge and attitude for effective prevention of such condition. Neonatal hypothermia is mostly caused by the poor attention of health service providers including nurses. This study aims at revealing the relationship between the nurse’s knowledge and attitude with their skills in preventing hypothermia among the low birth weight babies at the NICU of RSUD Prof. Dr. W. Z. Johannes Kupang. The recent study is quantitative research using the observational descriptive method and the design of the study is cross-sectional. Independent variables of the study are the nurse’s knowledge and attitude, and dependent variables are the nurse’s skills. Total samples of the study were 35 nurses serving at the NICU of RSUD Prof. Dr. W. Z. Johannes Kupang. Data collection was carried out using questionnaires for the level of knowledge and attitude, and the skills used observational sheets. Univariate analysis demonstrated that the levels of knowledge are good (28.6%), sufficient (40.0%) and low (31.4%), respectively. Moreover, the findings also showed the attitude of the nurses are good (62.9%), sufficiently good (20.0%) and improper (17.1%). The finding on the skill of the nurses showed the following: good (60%) and poor (40%). The results of bivariate using Chi-square demonstrated the relationship between knowledge and skill (p = 0.001), attitude and skill (p = 0.013), while there is no relationship between education and skill (p=0.679), and there is a relationship between the length of service time and skill (p = 0.028). The results of the multivariate test using multiple logistic regression demonstrated that knowledge and attitude become the factors influencing the nurse’s skills and the value of Exp (B): 18.903. Based upon the findings as mentioned above, it can be concluded that the nurses need to improve their knowledge and skill to reach the appropriate level of skill in preventing hypothermia among the low birth weight babies.