Community Oral Health Status of North Central Timor District Based on Who Oral Health Surveys Basic Methods 5th Edition
Background: One of the aims of Oral Health Global Goals 2020 is to reduce missing tooth or tooth loss due to dental caries, according with the fact that oral health problems that predominate in the world especially in Indonesia are tooth loss due to caries. Therefore an effort is needed to reduce the missing component through the implementation of good health services that are obtained from good planning, good planning is obtained from the existence of good data as well, good oral health status data obtained from data collectors, instruments and standardized oral examination formats good too. The oral examination format from WHO Oral Health Basic Methods 5th Edition is the latest examination format to record various indicators of oral health status but has not been widely used in determining the oral health status of individuals or communities in Indonesia. Research Purposes: to know the community oral health status of the North Central Timor District people in accordance with the latest examination format from WHO Oral Health Surveys Basic Methods 5th Edition. Methods: This is a descriptive survey research with a cross sectional design , which was carried out by taking 208 respondents from the community of 5 villages in North Central Timor District, such as Hauteas, Tes, Sainiup, North Oenenu and Homusu village..The data obtained through direct examination by the dentist in the respondent's oral cavity to determine their oral health status and recorded in the WHO Oral Health Surveys Basic Methods 5th Edition examination format. The data will be analyzed descriptively in accordance with the provisions set by WHO. Results: The oral health status of North Central Timor people are: Dentition status, on average there are 7 carious crowns and 9 roots that are opened, both carious and not carious. Periodontal status, on average they had 21 teeth with healthy gum and 5 teeth with gingival bleeding , whereas for gingival pocket, on average they had 20 teeth without gingival pockets and 6 teeth with deep gingival pocket 4- 5 mm .Loss of attachment status, on average there are 4 sextants without attachment loss, but there are at least 1 sextant with various conditions for periodontal tissue attachment loss, such as 4-5 mm, 6-8 mm, 9-11 mm , and ≥ 12 mm attachment loss from the cemento enamel junction. There is no fluorosis status. Dental erosion status, about 59.55% of the population did not have dental erosion, but 16.19% of them had enamel erosion, and 4.37% had dentine erosion. The average number of teeth with enamel erosion are 12 teeth and those with erosion to the dentin on average are 7 teeth. Oral mucosal lesions, about 71.25% of the population did not have oral mucosal lesions, but 3.9% of them had stomatitis aphthous recurrent (SAR), and 1.3% of the people had suspected oral cancer. Denture status, only 0.43 % of the population uses partial removable teeth, and only in the maxilla, the rest there is no denture. Intervention urgency status, about 60.3% of the population need oral health care, but not urgent, about 15.53% of the population do not or do not need oral health care, about 5.24% of the population need oral health care urgently. Conclusions. There are oral health problems among North Central Timor District people, such as carious crowns, opened root, gingival bleeding, gingival pocket, loss of attachment periodontal, dental erosion, oral mucosal lessions, and dentureless edentulous, so they need oral intervention. SUGGESTION. To local health service providers, in order to immediately provide oral health services to the community in accordance with the cases that occured, to prevent further damage to the teeth and oral cavity, as well as further research to determine the causes of tooth erosion and oral mucosal lesions that occured the people, and research to find out the reasons why people with tooth loss do not wear dentures.