Progressive Muscle Relaxation Can Reduce Blood Pressure in Hypertension Patients
Background: Hypertension is an increase in systolic blood pressure above 140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure above 90 mmHg. According to WHO in 2002, the prevalence of hypertension was 15-37% of all adults. In 2006 Hypertension in Indonesia ranks second most frequently suffered by road sufferers with a number 4.67%. The treatment of hypertension is generally divided into 2 types: non-drug treatment (non-pharmacology) and drugs treatment (pharmacology). Relaxation is a psychophysical therapy that can help lower blood pressure. Research Aim: To find out the effect of progressive muscle relaxation against blood pressure reduction in hypertensive patients. Research Methods: The research method used in this study is the literature review. The type of article that is chosen were articles about Experiments and Quasi-experiments that used the intervention of Muscle Relaxation Progress to reduce blood pressure in patients with hypertension. The Journal search was carried out using literature searches on Cinahl Complete, Academic Search, Pubmed and Medline databases. The selected articles were English-language article published from 2009 to 2018 which can be accessed full text. Results of the study: three articles which were found in the database showed that progressive Muscle Relaxation can reduce blood pressure of patients with all type of hypertension.
Conclusion: There is an effect of Progressive Muscle Relaxation on decreasing blood pressure of all type of hypertension patients.