Antiretroviral Knowledge, Adherence, Feeding Patterns, And Nutritional Status Among People Living With HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) In Kupang (Cross Sectional Study)
Background: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a disease caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). This is infections cannot be cured but can be controlled by the antiretroviral treatment. Adherence to antiretroviral therapy is key to the treatment of HIV/AIDS. Research shows that some patients with HIV/AIDS are experiencing undernutrition. That's influenced by symptoms of the disease, difficulties dietary, and duration of antiretroviral treatment. Objectives: The aim of the study was to analyze a correlation of knowledge with nutritional status, adherence with nutritional status, knowledge with feeding patterns, and also analyze the correlation among knowledge, feeding patterns, and adherence with nutritional status. Methods: The study was an observational with the cross-sectional design carried out at the Seroja VCT Clinic and the Tanpa Batas Foundation of the central of Kupang. The population of the study was all the people living with HIV/AIDS as to as 884 in the Kupang, and the sample were men and women of 18 years old and over who met of the inclusion criteria. Total participant of the study was 136 people by a consecutive sampling of the two areas in Kupang. Data was taken by interviews and measurements of the body weight and height. We have made to analysis univariate, bivariate with Chi-Square and multivariate using Logistic Regression. Result: The results showed that antiretroviral knowledge associated with nutritional status (p = 0.001). Adherence to nutritional status has a relationship (0.001). Antiretroviral knowledge with feeding patterns has a relationship (p-value = 0.001). The results of multiple logistic regression with predictive models show that the feeding patterns were influenced with nutritional status. As evidenced by expectation value. B (103,841). Conclusion: In this study, two things related to nutritional status were knowledge and adherence to antiretroviral treatment. Antiretroviral knowledge also associated with feeding patterns. While the antiretroviral knowledge prediction model, feeding patterns, adherence to antiretroviral treatment with nutritional status shows that feeding patterns have the greatest influence with nutritional status among people living with HIV/AIDS. Suggestions: This study is useful for the managers of the Health Public to make an evaluation of the efforts to treatment to people with HIV/AIDS in the community. They need to giving education about feeding patterns, antiretroviral treatment, and adherence to antiretroviral treatment among people with HIV/AIDS.