The Diversity Of Anopheles sp. In Kehiran Village Jayapura Regency, Papua
Background. Anopheles sp is the vector that transmits disease still a public health problem. In Indonesia there are 80 species of Anopheles spp and 22 of them have been designated as malaria vectors. Some Anopheles species confirmed to transmit filariasis, namely An. funestus, An. scapularis, An. gambia, and An. barbirostris. The data from Jayapura Regency Health Office (2016) shows, there were 25,072 malaria cases being reported. The higher density of Anopheles spp in an area further increases malaria transmission. Objective. This study aimed to calculate the density and identify Anopheles sp. species in Kehiran Village, Sentani District, Jayapura Regency. Survey method was chosen for this study. Results. The results showed the number and species of Anopheles caught were: Anopheles farauti 74 (63.3%), Anopheles punctulatus 13 (32.4%), and Anopheles koliensis 5 (4.3%). Man Hour Density (MHD) from 1st location was 0.51 mosquito/person/hour, 2nd location was 0.55 mosquito/person/hour, 3rd location was 0.55 mosquito/person/hour, the average of MHD was 0.54 mosquito/person/hour. Man Biting Rate (MBR) from 1st location was 3.10 mosquito/night, 2nd location was 3.33 mosquito/night, 3rd location was 3.33, the average of MBR was 3.25 mosquito/night. Conclusion. There are three species, Anopheles farauti, Anopheles punctulatus, and Anopheles koliensis. The MHD was 0.54 mosquito/person/hour and MBR was 3.25 mosquito/night.