The Density of Aedes sp. Larvae in Elementary Schools in Kupang City 2018
Background. Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) has become a public health problem in Indonesia, mainly affecting children aged <15 years. This study wanted to analyze larval density in elementary schools in Kupang City in 2018. Method. Primary schools found in Oebobo Subdistrict, Maulafa Subdistrict, and Oesapa Subdistrict were selected in this study, which was the regions with the highest incidence of DHF. A total of 42 elementary schools from the three sub-districts were included in this study. Data were collected by trained field officers through a survey of the types of water reservoirs that were positive for larvae of Aedes sp and larvae density surveys of Aedes sp. Data were analyzed descriptively and displayed with tables and maps according to percent. Results. The results showed that the three largest types of water reservoirs were positively flicked by Aedes sp., that is on the drum (50%), the tub of wc (49%), and the plastic barrel (22%). Another result is the larval density of Aedes sp. based on the percentage of positive water reservoirs for larvae of Aedes sp. (Container Index / CI), as much as 26.2%. Some of the larvae density of Aedes sp. based on the percentage of positive elementary schools larvae Aedes sp. (House Index / HI), at 76.2%. Laboratory identification oflarva species Aedes showed 100% larvae of Aedes aegypti. Analysis of larvae density of Aedes aegypti exceeds RI Ministry of Health's maximum standard of 5%, and compared withtable density figure, indicating CI is included at density level 6, while HI is included at density level 8. Conclusion. It was concluded that the larval density of Aedes aegypti in primary schools in Kota Kupang exceeds safety standards. anemia in female adolescents is very high accompanied by the incidence of dengue vector control efforts that are needed in an integrated and cross-institutional way to prevent dengue transmission, especially in the school area.